H-1B visas are available for several types of workers, but the most well known is the "specialty occupations" visa. It is available to highly skilled foreign workers who work in jobs which typically cannot be performed by people without at least a bachelor's degree in their field. Examples include engineers, architects, and computer programmers.
One of the ways a person from another country can get permission to work in America is through being granted a nonimmigrant work visa. These visas allow a person legal status to live and work in the U.S. on a temporary basis. How long the visa lasts depends on the type of work visa it is and the specific terms of the visa.
When one of the big goals of a foreign national who has come to the U.S. is to work in the U.S., there are many things it is critical for them to be aware of. One is what the immigration status that they are in the U.S. on means for their work eligibility.
Businesses are not the only entities that may wish to add individuals from other countries into their workforce. Nonprofit organizations sometimes seek to hire foreign workers.
Among the challenges employers can face are challenges with meeting their workforce needs. This can include difficulties finding workers for all the shifts they need covered. Particular challenges can arise on this front when it comes to getting nontraditional shifts, such as night shifts, covered.
Among the visa-related issues an employer here in the U.S. may find itself navigating in relation to its workforce are H-1B visa issues. An employer might end up pursuing such work visas in relation to foreign workers that it wants to hire for specialty jobs within its organization. Complicated issues can arise for an employer during the process of petitioning for an H-1B visa for a foreign worker and gathering the documentation and building up the case to support such a petition. Employers can seek out advice and guidance on H-1B visa issues from immigration lawyers skilled in work visa matters.
When a specialty worker from a foreign country is pursuing an H-1B visa to temporarily work in the U.S., there are many details that can matter considerably. One is whether the visa cap would apply to them. There is a general cap for how many visas can be granted under the H-1B program in a year. While this cap applies to most H-1B eligible workers, there are a few classes of such worker that are exempt. One example are specialty workers who would be working with a government research organization.
When a person from another country is looking to work, on a temporary basis, in the U.S., one thing that can matter significantly for them is what nonimmigrant visa they might be able to qualify for. If the person is looking to work in a specialty occupation, one visa they may have eligibility for is the H-1B visa.
Immigrants make big contributions in many places here in the U.S., including the workplace. According to estimates, a little over 17 percent of the American workforce consisted of immigrants in 2014. Immigrant workers are present in all kinds of industries and hold all kinds of jobs here in America. However, certain jobs/industries have a higher share of immigrant workers than others.
H-1B visas are nonimmigrant work visas for certain types of skilled workers. What options are available for employers and workers when it comes to the pursuit of such visas can be affected by many things. Sometimes, the U.S. government will take actions which temporarily remove a given option from the table. Recently, such an action was taken when it comes to the H-1B premium processing program.